Four views of the Bible

Preacher and Bible

A lot of disagreements between christians come down to how we see the Bible. And a lot of how we present the christian faith to outsiders (whether well or badly) is similarly determined by how we see the Bible.

I think there are four basic views, and I thought diagrams might make them clearer.

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How could some Jews believe Jesus was God?

Last Supper

Two years ago I wrote about the progression we can see in the New Testament of the disciples’ belief in Jesus (see How did Jesus become God?), how they seemed to go from incomprehension to belief he was the Messiah, to belief in him as the unique son of God. In particular, I referenced New Testament scholar Bart Ehrman’s then view that this process took 60 years (from Jesus’ death to the writing of John’s Gospel).

Not long ago Ehrman published his book on this topic (How Jesus Became God: The Exaltation of a Jewish Preacher from Galilee), and he has changed at least some of his conclusions on this matter.

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The surprise of finding the Bible isn’t exactly what we thought it was

Mime

Most christians in the west come to belief in their teens or early 20s. From there, some stay constant in all their beliefs, some give up belief, and some start on a journey of change and growth.

This post is about people who change (including me).

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Book review: The King Jesus Gospel

Book cover

Last week (Close to understanding Jesus?) I outlined how I came to see that much of the evangelical teaching I had received about Jesus didn’t really explain Jesus and his ministry in accurate terms historically.

It seems that many people are coming to similar conclusions, for example New Testament scholar NT Wright and the philosopher, the late Dallas Willard.

New Testament scholar and theologian, Scot McKnight’s 2011 book, The King Jesus Gospel, takes up the same theme, but from a theological rather than historical perspective. So I guess it is hardly surprising that Wright and Willard both contributed Forewords.

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Close to understanding Jesus?

Feet with sandals

One day, when I was a young christian, I had a surprising thought. As soon as I thought it, I knew it couldn’t be true.

But this untrue thought set me on a path of discovery that I am still on today. This path has enriched my understanding of Jesus and changed the way I live and some substantial things about what I believe.

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How the four gospels came to be written?

Last Supper

You can read the New Testament without knowing anything about the authors or the background to their writing. If that’s you, you probably won’t be interested in this post. But I have long been interested in these background matters, and lately I’ve be coming to a few conclusions.

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Update on sermons and why we should abandon them (for the most part)

Preacher

Last post I discussed the messages our dependence on sermons sends, and referred back to a study I had done on Sermons – not how we learn best?

A reader went to that page and found a bunch of broken links. I have therefore completely re-structured the page, and included quite a lot of new material.

There are a few interesting things to report.

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Book review: Evangelical Faith and the Challenge of Historical Criticism

Book cover

I’ve been reading a few books on the Old Testament lately. Paradoxically, this is probably the one I most disagreed with, yet also the one I gained the most from.

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The Bible – how do we know it’s not a fraud?

Bible

I have been considering the implications of Peter Enns’ suggestion that, in the light of the evidence, we should understand the Old Testament differently than we have done in the past. In a comment on the post Interpreting the Old Testament, Brisancian has asked a number of questions about how we can know what’s true.

I thought the questions were important enough to answer in a new post. Quotes from Brisancian’s questions are shown as blockquotes.

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